Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) A. Banerjee Request for Comments: 6165 Cisco Systems Category: Standards Track D. Ward ISSN: 2070-1721 Juniper Networks April 2011
Extensions to IS-IS for Layer-2 Systems
This document specifies the Intermediate System to Intermediate System (IS-IS) extensions necessary to support link state routing for any protocols running directly over Layer-2. While supporting this concept involves several pieces, this document only describes extensions to IS-IS. Furthermore, the Type, Length, Value pairs (TLVs) described in this document are generic Layer-2 additions, and specific ones as needed are defined in the IS-IS technology-specific extensions. We leave it to the systems using these IS-IS extensions to explain how the information carried in IS-IS is used.
Status of This Memo
This is an Internet Standards Track document.
This document is a product of the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF). It represents the consensus of the IETF community. It has received public review and has been approved for publication by the Internet Engineering Steering Group (IESG). Further information on Internet Standards is available in Section 2 of RFC 5741.
Copyright (c) 2011 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the document authors. All rights reserved.
This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal Provisions Relating to IETF Documents (http://trustee.ietf.org/license-info) in effect on the date of publication of this document. Please review these documents carefully, as they describe your rights and restrictions with respect to this document. Code Components extracted from this document must include Simplified BSD License text as described in Section 4.e of the Trust Legal Provisions and are provided without warranty as described in the Simplified BSD License.
There are a number of systems (for example, [RBRIDGES], [802.1aq], and [OTV]) that use Layer-2 addresses carried in a link state routing protocol, specifically Intermediate System to Intermediate System [IS-IS] [RFC1195], to provide true Layer-2 routing. In almost all the technologies mentioned above, classical Layer-2 packets are encapsulated with an outer header. The outer header format varies across all these technologies. This outer header is used to route the encapsulated packets to their destination.
Each Intermediate System (IS) advertises one or more IS-IS Link State Protocol Data Units (PDUs) with routing information. Each Link State PDU (LSP) is composed of a fixed header and a number of tuples, each consisting of a Type, a Length, and a Value. Such tuples are
Banerjee & Ward Standards Track [Page 2]
RFC 6165 Layer-2-IS-IS April 2011
commonly known as TLVs. In this document, we specify a set of TLVs to be added to [IS-IS] PDUs, to support these proposed systems. The TLVs are generic Layer-2 additions, and specific ones, as needed, are defined in the IS-IS technology-specific extensions. This document does not propose any new forwarding mechanisms using this additional information carried within IS-IS.
The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT", "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and "OPTIONAL" in this document are to be interpreted as described in RFC 2119 [RFC2119].
o Length: Total number of bytes contained in the value field given by 5 + 6*n bytes.
o Topology-id/Nickname : Depending on the technology in which it is used, this carries the topology-id or nickname. When this field is set to zero, this implies that the Media Access Control (MAC) addresses are reachable across all topologies or across all nicknames of the originating IS.
o Confidence: This carries an 8-bit quantity indicating the confidence level in the MAC addresses being transported. Whether this field is used, and its semantics if used, are further defined by the specific protocol using Layer-2 IS-IS. If not used, it MUST be set to zero on transmission and be ignored on receipt.
o RESV: (4 bits) MUST be sent as zero and ignored on receipt.
Banerjee & Ward Standards Track [Page 4]
RFC 6165 Layer-2-IS-IS April 2011
o VLAN-ID: This carries a 12-bit VLAN identifier that is valid for all subsequent MAC addresses in this TLV, or the value zero if no VLAN is specified.
o MAC(i): This is the 48-bit MAC address reachable from the IS that is announcing this TLV.
The MAC-RI TLV is carried in a standard Link State PDU (LSP). This TLV can be carried multiple times in an LSP and in multiple LSPs. It MUST contain only unicast addresses. The manner in which these TLVs are generated by the various Layer-2 routing technologies and the manner in which they are consumed are detailed in the technology- specific documents.
In most of the technologies, these MAC-RI TLVs will translate to populating the hardware with these entries and with appropriate next- hop information as derived from the advertising IS.
[IS-IS] ISO/IEC 10589:2002, Second Edition, "Intermediate System to Intermediate System Intra-Domain Routing Information Exchange Protocol for use in Conjunction with the Protocol for Providing the Connectionless-mode Network Service (ISO 8473)", 2002.
[RFC1195] Callon, R., "Use of OSI IS-IS for routing in TCP/IP and dual environments", RFC 1195, December 1990.
[RFC2119] Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119, March 1997.
[RFC5305] Li, T. and H. Smit, "IS-IS Extensions for Traffic Engineering", RFC 5305, October 2008.