Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) K. Ma Request for Comments: 7736 Ericsson Category: Informational December 2015 ISSN: 2070-1721
Content Delivery Network Interconnection (CDNI) Media Type Registration
This document defines the standard media type used by the Content Delivery Network Interconnection (CDNI) protocol suite, including the registration procedure and recommended usage of the required payload- type parameter.
Status of This Memo
This document is not an Internet Standards Track specification; it is published for informational purposes.
This document is a product of the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF). It represents the consensus of the IETF community. It has received public review and has been approved for publication by the Internet Engineering Steering Group (IESG). Not all documents approved by the IESG are a candidate for any level of Internet Standard; see Section 2 of RFC 5741.
Copyright (c) 2015 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the document authors. All rights reserved.
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The required parameter "ptype" describes the type of CDNI message contained in the message payload, as registered in the "Content Delivery Network Interconnection (CDNI) Parameters" registry (Section 2.2) defined below.
Optional parameters: none
The CDNI protocol suite includes interfaces with encoded messages that may be 8bit or binary, as well as generic logging information that may be 7bit or binary.
CDNI interfaces that return encoded data may be (mis)interpreted if parsed by non-CDNI or non-compliant CDNI implementations. In addition, CDNI logging information is likely to transfer large amounts of data that may overload unexpecting clients. The individual CDNI interface specifications provide more detailed analysis of security and privacy concerns, and define the requirements for authentication, authorization, confidentiality, integrity, and privacy for each interface.
The application/cdni media type is a generic media type to be used by multiple CDNI interfaces for transporting different types of control and logging information. Proper validation of message data requires parsing and understanding the ptype parameter and the associated data encoding. Failure to properly validate payloads may allow data extrusion under the auspices of the application/cdni media type.
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RFC 7736 CDNI Media Type December 2015
The required ptype field is intended to fully describe the structure and parsing of CDNI messages, as enforced by the ptype registry designated expert.
IANA has created a new "CDNI Payload Types" subregistry within the "Content Delivery Network Interconnection (CDNI) Parameters" registry. The "CDNI Payload Types" namespace defines the valid values for the required "ptype" parameter of the "application/cdni" media type. The CDNI payload type is an ASCII string value that consists of only visible (printing) characters but excludes equal signs (=), double quotes ("), and semicolons (;). It will not exceed 256 characters in length. The following Augmented Backus-Naur Form (ABNF) definition of the CDNI payload type is provided for clarity [RFC5234]
ptype = 1*256(ptype-char) ptype-char = %x21 / %x23-3A / %x3C / %x3E-7E ; Includes ALPHA, DIGIT, and other printables ; Excludes equal signs (=), double quotes ("), semicolons (;)
Additions to the "CDNI Payload Types" namespace will be made via "Specification Required" as defined in [RFC5226]. The designated expert will verify that new type definitions do not duplicate existing type definitions (in name or functionality), prevent gratuitous additions to the namespace, and prevent any additions to the namespace that would impair the interoperability of CDNI implementations. The designated expert will review the specification, even if it is a Standards Track RFC, to verify that it contains the following information:
o The review will verify that the specification contains a reasonably defined purpose for the new payload type. A reasonably defined purpose will relate to an existing or proposed CDNI interface and will not duplicate the functionality of any existing CDNI protocol feature without specifying a rational reason (e.g., updating an obsolete feature), a method for detecting and handling conflicts (e.g., a versioning system with prioritization matrix), and a suggested migration path (e.g., deprecation of the overlapped feature, or justification for co-existence).
o The review will verify that the specification contains information as to which CDNI interface the new payload type pertains or affects. The payload type may be applicable to multiple CDNI interfaces, but the justification for the new payload type will include a reasonable relationship to at least one Standards Track CDNI interface.
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o The review will verify that the specification contains sufficient detail about the data encoding (e.g., JSON serialization for new CDNI metadata or capability advertisement objects, or ABNF and description for new CDNI logging file formats) to allow senders and receivers of the new payload type to implement compliant and interoperable payload parsers.
The registry contains the payload type and the specification describing the payload type. The registry will initially be unpopulated.
+--------------+---------------+ | Payload Type | Specification | +--------------+---------------+ +--------------+---------------+
This document is the culmination of the efforts of many in the CDNI working group, including (in alphabetical order): Francois Le Faucheur, Daryl Malas, Rob Murray, Ben Niven-Jenkins, Iuniana Oprescu, Jon Peterson, and Jan Seedorf.
Kevin J. Ma Ericsson 43 Nagog Park Acton, MA 01720 United States