Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) S. Nandakumar Request for Comments: 7850 Cisco Systems Inc Category: Standards Track April 2016 ISSN: 2070-1721
Registering Values of the SDP 'proto' Field for Transporting RTP Media over TCP under Various RTP Profiles
The Real-time Transport Protocol (RTP) specification establishes a registry of profile names for use by higher-level control protocols, such as the Session Description Protocol (SDP), to refer to the transport methods. This specification describes the following new SDP transport protocol identifiers for transporting RTP Media over TCP: 'TCP/RTP/AVPF', 'TCP/RTP/SAVP', 'TCP/RTP/SAVPF', 'TCP/DTLS/RTP/SAVP', 'TCP/DTLS/RTP/SAVPF', 'TCP/TLS/RTP/AVP', and 'TCP/TLS/RTP/AVPF'.
Status of This Memo
This is an Internet Standards Track document.
This document is a product of the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF). It represents the consensus of the IETF community. It has received public review and has been approved for publication by the Internet Engineering Steering Group (IESG). Further information on Internet Standards is available in Section 2 of RFC 5741.
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The Real-time Transport Protocol (RTP) provides end-to-end network transport functions suitable for applications transmitting real-time data such as audio or video over multicast or unicast network services. The data transport is augmented by the RTP Control Protocol (RTCP) to allow monitoring of the data delivery in a manner scalable to large multicast networks and to provide minimal control and identification functionality.
"SDP: Session Description Protocol" [RFC4566] provides a general- purpose format for describing multimedia sessions in announcements or invitations. "TCP-Based Media Transport in the Session Description Protocol (SDP)" [RFC4145] specifies a general mechanism for describing media transport over TCP using SDP with [RFC4571] defining a method for framing RTP and RTCP packets [RFC3550] onto a connection-oriented transport (such as TCP). "Connection-Oriented Media Transport over the Transport Layer Security (TLS) Protocol in the Session Description Protocol (SDP)" [RFC4572] extends [RFC4145] for describing TCP-based media streams that are protected using TLS [RFC5246].
This specification describes additional SDP transport protocol identifiers for transporting RTP media over TCP as defined in Section 3.
The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT", "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and "OPTIONAL" in this document are to be interpreted as described in RFC 2119 [RFC2119].
The "m=" line in SDP specifies, among other items, the transport protocol (identified via the "proto" field) to be used for the media in the session. See Section 5.14 (Media Descriptions) of SDP [RFC4566] for a discussion on transport protocol identifiers.
The following is the format for an "m=" line, as specified in [RFC4566]:
When procedures from [RFC6544] are used to set up Interactive Connectivity Establishment (ICE) [RFC5245] candidates for a TCP transport, the framing mechanism from [RFC4571] MUST be used for framing Session Traversal Utilities for NAT (STUN) packets (for keepalives and consent checks), as defined in Section 3 of [RFC6544].
This specification describes the following new SDP transport protocol identifiers: 'TCP/RTP/AVPF', 'TCP/RTP/SAVP', 'TCP/RTP/SAVPF', 'TCP/DTLS/RTP/SAVP', 'TCP/DTLS/RTP/SAVPF', 'TCP/TLS/RTP/AVP', and 'TCP/TLS/RTP/AVPF', as defined in Section 3. These values have been registered by the IANA under the "proto" subregistry in the "Session Description Protocol (SDP) Parameters" registry.
The new "proto" identifiers registered by this document in the SDP parameters registry maintained by IANA are primarily for use by the offer/answer model of the Session Description Protocol [RFC3264] for the negotiation and establishment of RTP-based media over the TCP transport. This specification doesn't introduce any additional security considerations beyond those specified by the individual transport protocols identified in the "proto" identifiers and those detailed in Section 7 of [RFC4566].
The author would like to thank Cullen Jennings, Alissa Cooper, Justin Uberti, Mo Zanaty, Christer Holmberg, Jonathan Lennox, Flemming Andreason, Roni Even, Ben Campbell, and Bo Burman for their reviews and suggested improvements.
The author would also like to thank Adam Montville for the SecDir review, Meral Shirazipour for the Gen-ART review, and Sarah Banks for the OPS-Dir review.
Suhas Nandakumar Cisco Systems Inc 707 Tasman Drive San Jose, CA 95134 United States