Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) V. Govindan Request for Comments: 7886 C. Pignataro Category: Standards Track Cisco ISSN: 2070-1721 July 2016
Advertising Seamless Bidirectional Forwarding Detection (S-BFD) Discriminators in the Layer Two Tunneling Protocol Version 3 (L2TPv3)
This document defines a new Attribute-Value Pair (AVP) that allows L2TP Control Connection Endpoints (LCCEs) to advertise one or more Seamless Bidirectional Forwarding Detection (S-BFD) Discriminator values using the Layer Two Tunneling Protocol version 3 (L2TPv3).
Status of This Memo
This is an Internet Standards Track document.
This document is a product of the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF). It represents the consensus of the IETF community. It has received public review and has been approved for publication by the Internet Engineering Steering Group (IESG). Further information on Internet Standards is available in Section 2 of RFC 7841.
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[RFC7880] defines a simplified mechanism to use Bidirectional Forwarding Detection (BFD) [RFC5880], referred to as Seamless Bidirectional Forwarding Detection (S-BFD). The S-BFD mechanism depends on network nodes knowing the BFD Discriminators that each node in the network has reserved for this purpose. S-BFD requires the usage of unique discriminators within an administrative domain. The use of the Layer Two Tunneling Protocol version 3 (L2TPv3) [RFC3931] is one possible means of advertising these discriminators.
This document specifies the encoding to be used when S-BFD Discriminators are advertised using L2TPv3.
The reader is expected to be very familiar with the terminology and protocol constructs defined in S-BFD (see Section 2 of [RFC7880]) and L2TPv3 (see Section 1.3 of [RFC3931]).
The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT", "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and "OPTIONAL" in this document are to be interpreted as described in RFC 2119 [RFC2119].
The S-BFD Target Discriminator Identifier (ID) Attribute Value Pair (AVP) is exchanged using the ICRQ (Incoming-Call-Request), ICRP (Incoming-Call-Reply), OCRQ (Outgoing-Call-Request), and OCRP (Outgoing-Call-Reply) control messages during session negotiation.
The S-BFD Target Discriminator ID AVP, Attribute Type 102, is an identifier used to advertise the S-BFD target discriminator(s) supported by an L2TP Control Connection Endpoint (LCCE) for the S-BFD reflector operation. This AVP indicates that the advertiser implements an S-BFD reflector supporting the specified target discriminator(s) and is ready for S-BFD reflector operation. The receiving LCCE MAY use this AVP if it wants to monitor connectivity to the advertising LCCE using S-BFD.
The Attribute Value field for this AVP has the following format:
S-BFD Target Discriminator ID (ICRQ, ICRP, OCRQ, OCRP):
An LCCE MAY include the S-BFD Target Discriminator ID AVP advertisement in an L2TP control message (ICRQ, ICRP, OCRQ, OCRP) [RFC3931]. If the other LCCE does not wish to monitor connectivity using S-BFD, it MAY safely discard this AVP without affecting the rest of session negotiation. While [RFC7880] concerns itself with the advertisement of only one discriminator unless the mapping of discriminators to entities is specified, the AVP encoding allows the specification of an arbitrary number of S-BFD Discriminators (at least one) for extensibility.
When an LCCE uses the S-BFD Target Discriminator ID AVP advertisement, multiple S-BFD Discriminators MAY be included, and at least one S-BFD Discriminator MUST be included. When one S-BFD Discriminator is advertised, such an S-BFD Discriminator is associated with the L2TPv3 session. When multiple S-BFD Discriminators are advertised, how a given discriminator is mapped to a specific use case is out of scope for this document.
Govindan & Pignataro Standards Track [Page 3]
RFC 7886 S-BFD Discriminators in L2TPv3 July 2016
The S-BFD Target Discriminator ID AVP allows for advertising at least one S-BFD Discriminator value:
Security concerns for L2TP are addressed in [RFC3931]. The introduction of the S-BFD Target Discriminator ID AVP advertisement introduces no new security risks for L2TP.
Advertising the S-BFD Discriminators makes it possible for attackers to initiate S-BFD sessions using the advertised information. The vulnerabilities this poses and how to mitigate them are discussed in the Security Considerations section of [RFC7880].
The authors would like to thank Nobo Akiya, Stewart Bryant, and Pawel Sowinski for providing core inputs for the document, performing thorough reviews, and providing a number of comments. The authors would also like to thank Nagendra Kumar for his reviews.