RFC 8377

Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF)                   D. Eastlake 3rd
Request for Comments: 8377                                      M. Zhang
Updates: 6325, 7177                                               Huawei
Category: Standards Track                                    A. Banerjee
ISSN: 2070-1721                                                    Cisco
                                                               July 2018

         Transparent Interconnection of Lots of Links (TRILL):


   This document specifies extensions to the IETF TRILL (Transparent
   Interconnection of Lots of Links) protocol to support multi-topology
   routing of unicast and multi-destination traffic based on IS-IS
   (Intermediate System to Intermediate System) multi-topology specified
   in RFC 5120.  This document updates RFCs 6325 and 7177.

Status of This Memo

   This is an Internet Standards Track document.

   This document is a product of the Internet Engineering Task Force
   (IETF).  It represents the consensus of the IETF community.  It has
   received public review and has been approved for publication by the
   Internet Engineering Steering Group (IESG).  Further information on
   Internet Standards is available in Section 2 of RFC 7841.

   Information about the current status of this document, any errata,
   and how to provide feedback on it may be obtained at

Copyright Notice

   Copyright (c) 2018 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
   document authors.  All rights reserved.

   This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal
   Provisions Relating to IETF Documents
   (https://trustee.ietf.org/license-info) in effect on the date of
   publication of this document.  Please review these documents
   carefully, as they describe your rights and restrictions with respect
   to this document.  Code Components extracted from this document must
   include Simplified BSD License text as described in Section 4.e of
   the Trust Legal Provisions and are provided without warranty as
   described in the Simplified BSD License.

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RFC 8377                  TRILL: Multi-Topology                July 2018

Table of Contents

   1. Introduction ....................................................2
      1.1. Terminology ................................................4
   2. Topologies ......................................................5
      2.2. Links and Multi-Topology ...................................5
      2.3. TRILL Switches and Multi-Topology ..........................6
      2.4. TRILL Data Packets and Multi-Topology ......................6
           2.4.1. Explicit Topology Labeling Support ..................7
           2.4.2. The Explicit Topology Label .........................8
           2.4.3. TRILL Use of the MT Label ...........................8
   3. TRILL Multi-Topology Adjacency and Routing .....................10
      3.1. Adjacency .................................................10
      3.2. TRILL Switch Nicknames ....................................10
      3.3. TRILL Unicast Routing .....................................11
      3.4. TRILL Multi-Destination Routing ...........................11
           3.4.1. Distribution Trees .................................11
           3.4.2. Multi-Access Links .................................13
   4. Mixed Links ....................................................13
   5. Other Multi-Topology Considerations ............................14
      5.1. Address Learning ..........................................14
           5.1.1. Data Plane Learning ................................14
           5.1.2. Multi-Topology ESADI ...............................14
      5.2. Legacy Stubs ..............................................14
      5.3. RBridge Channel Messages ..................................14
      5.4. Implementations Considerations ............................15
   6. Allocation Considerations ......................................15
      6.1. IEEE Registration Authority Considerations ................15
      6.2. IANA Considerations .......................................15
   7. Security Considerations ........................................16
   8. References .....................................................17
      8.1. Normative References ......................................17
      8.2. Informative References ....................................18
   Appendix A. Differences from RFC 5120 .............................19
   Acknowledgements ..................................................19
   Authors' Addresses ................................................20

1.  Introduction

   This document specifies extensions to the IETF TRILL (Transparent
   Interconnection of Lots of Links) protocol [RFC6325] [RFC7177]
   [RFC7780] to support multi-topology routing for both unicast and
   multi-destination traffic based on IS-IS (Intermediate System to
   Intermediate System) [IS-IS] multi-topology [RFC5120].
   Implementation and use of multi-topology are optional, and use
   requires configuration.  It is anticipated that not all TRILL
   campuses will need or use multi-topology.

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RFC 8377                  TRILL: Multi-Topology                July 2018

   Multi-topology creates different topologies or subsets from a single
   physical TRILL campus topology.  This is different from Data Labels
   (VLANs and Fine-Grained Labels (FGLs) [RFC7172]).  Data Labels
   specify communities of end stations and can be viewed as creating
   virtual topologies of end station connectivity.  However, in a single
   topology TRILL campus, TRILL Data packets can use any part of the
   physical topology of TRILL switches and links between TRILL switches,
   regardless of the Data Label of that packet's payload.  In a multi-
   topology TRILL campus, TRILL data packets in a topology are
   restricted to the TRILL switches and links that are in their
   topology, regardless of the Data Label of their payload.

   The essence of multi-topology behavior is that a multi-topology
   router classifies packets as to the topology within which they should
   be routed and uses logically different routing tables for different
   topologies.  If routers in the network do not agree on the topology
   classification of packets or links, persistent routing loops can
   occur.  It is the responsibility of the network manager to
   consistently configure multi-topology to avoid such routing loops.

   The multi-topology TRILL extensions can be used for a wide variety of
   purposes, such as maintaining separate routing domains for isolated
   multicast or IPv6 islands, routing a class of traffic so that it
   avoids certain TRILL switches that lack some characteristic needed by
   that traffic, or making a class of traffic avoid certain links due to
   security, reliability, or other concerns.

   It is possible for a particular topology to not be fully connected,
   either intentionally or due to node or link failures or incorrect
   configuration.  This results in two or more islands of that topology
   that cannot communicate.  In such a case, end stations connected in
   that topology to different islands will be unable to communicate with
   each other.

   Multi-topology TRILL supports regions of topology-ignorant TRILL
   switches as part of a multi-topology campus; however, such regions
   can only ingress to, egress from, or transit TRILL Data packets in
   the special base topology zero.

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RFC 8377                  TRILL: Multi-Topology                July 2018

1.1.  Terminology

   The terminology and abbreviations of [RFC6325] are used in this
   document.  Some of these are paraphrased below for convenience.  Some
   additional terms are also listed.

      campus: The name for a TRILL network, like "bridged LAN" is a name
         for a bridged network.  It does not have any academic

      DRB: Designated RBridge [RFC7177].

      FGL: Fine-Grained Labeling or Fine-Grained Labeled or Fine-Grained
         Label [RFC7172].  By implication, an "FGL TRILL switch" does
         not support Multi-Topology (MT).

      IS: Intermediate System [IS-IS].

      LSP: Link State PDU (Protocol Data Unit) [IS-IS].  For TRILL, this
         includes Level 1 LSPs and Extended Level 1 Flooding Scope LSPs

      MT: Multi-Topology [RFC5120].

      MT TRILL Switch: A TRILL switch supporting the multi-topology
         feature specified in this document.  An MT TRILL switch MUST
         support FGL in the sense that it MUST be FGL safe [RFC7172].

      RBridge: Routing Bridge; an alternative name for a TRILL switch.

      TRILL: Transparent Interconnection of Lots of Links or Tunneled
         Routing in the Link Layer [RFC6325].

      TRILL Switch: A device implementing the TRILL protocol.  TRILL
         switches are Intermediate Systems (routers) [IS-IS].

      VL: VLAN Labeling or VLAN Labeled or VLAN Label [RFC7172].  By
         implication, a "VL RBridge" or "VL TRILL switch" does not
         support FGL or MT.

   The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT",
   "OPTIONAL" in this document are to be interpreted as described in
   BCP 14 [RFC2119] [RFC8174] when, and only when, they appear in all
   capitals, as shown here.

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RFC 8377                  TRILL: Multi-Topology                July 2018

2.  Topologies

   In TRILL multi-topology, a topology is a subset of the TRILL switches
   and of the links between TRILL switches in the TRILL campus.  TRILL
   Data packets are constrained to the subset of switches and links
   corresponding to the packet's topology.  TRILL multi-topology is
   based on IS-IS multi-topology [RFC5120].  See Appendix A for
   differences between TRILL multi-topology and [RFC5120].

   The zero topology is special, as described in Section 2.1.  Sections
   2.2, 2.3, and 2.4 discuss the topology of links, TRILL switches, and
   TRILL Data packets, respectively.

2.1.  Special Topology Zero

   The zero topology is special as the default base topology.  All TRILL
   switches and links are considered to be in, and MUST support,
   topology zero.  Thus, for example, topology zero can be used for
   general TRILL switch access within a campus for management messages,
   Bidirectional Forwarding Detection (BFD) messages [RFC7175], RBridge
   Channel messages [RFC7178], and the like.

2.2.  Links and Multi-Topology

   Multi-topology TRILL switches advertise the topologies for which they
   are willing to send and receive TRILL Data packets on a port by
   listing those topologies in one or more MT TLVs [RFC5120] appearing
   in every TRILL Hello [RFC7177] they send out that port, except that
   they MUST handle topology zero, which it is optional to list.

   A link is usable for TRILL Data packets in non-zero topology T only

   (1) all TRILL switch ports on the link advertise topology T support
       in their Hellos, and

   (2) if any TRILL switch port on the link requires explicit TRILL Data
       packet topology labeling (see Section 2.4) every other TRILL
       switch port on the link is capable of generating explicit packet
       topology labeling.

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RFC 8377                  TRILL: Multi-Topology                July 2018

2.3.  TRILL Switches and Multi-Topology

   A TRILL switch advertises the topologies that it supports by listing
   them in one or more MT TLVs [RFC5120] in its LSP, except that it MUST
   support topology zero, which is optional to list.  For robust and
   rapid flooding, MT TLV(s) SHOULD be advertised in core LSP fragment

   There is no "MT capability bit".  A TRILL switch advertises that it
   is MT capable by advertising in its LSP support for any topology or
   topologies with the MT TLV, even if it just explicitly advertises
   support for topology zero.

2.4.  TRILL Data Packets and Multi-Topology

   The topology of a TRILL Data packet is commonly determined from
   either (1) some field or fields present in the packet itself or (2)
   the port on which the packet was received; however, optional explicit
   topology labeling of TRILL Data packets is also proved.  This can be
   included in the data labeling area of TRILL Data packets as specified

   Examples of fields that might be used to determine topology are
   values or ranges of values of the payload VLAN or FGL [RFC7172],
   packet priority, IP version (IPv6 versus IPv4) or IP protocol,
   Ethertype, unicast versus multi-destination payload, IP
   Differentiated Services Code Point (DSCP) bits, or the like.

   Multi-topology does not apply to TRILL IS-IS packets or to link level
   control frames.  Those messages are link local and can be thought of
   as being above all topologies.  Multi-topology only applies to TRILL
   Data packets.

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RFC 8377                  TRILL: Multi-Topology                July 2018

2.4.1.  Explicit Topology Labeling Support

   Support of the topology label is optional.  Support could depend on
   port hardware and is indicated by a 2-bit capability field in the
   Port TRILL Version sub-TLV [RFC7176] appearing in the Port
   Capabilities TLV in Hellos.  If there is no Port TRILL Capabilities
   sub-TLV in a Hello, then it is assumed that explicit topology
   labeling is not supported on that port.  See the table below for the
   meaning of values of the Explicit Topology capability field:

      Value   Meaning
      -----   -------
       0       No support.  Cannot send TRILL Data packets with an
               explicit topology label and will likely treat as
               erroneous and discard any TRILL Data packet received with
               a topology label.  Such a port is assumed to have the
               ability and configuration to correctly classify TRILL
               Data packets into all topologies for which it is
               advertising support in its Hellos, either by examining
               those packets or because they are arriving at that port.

       1       Capable of inserting an explicit topology label in TRILL
               Data packets sent and tolerant of such labels in received
               TRILL Data packets.  Such a port is capable, for all of
               the topologies it supports, of determining TRILL Data
               packet topology without an explicit label.  Thus, it does
               not require such a label in received TRILL Data packets.
               On receiving a packet whose explicit topology label
               differs from the port's topology determination for that
               packet, the TRILL switch MUST discard the packet.

    2 & 3      Require an explicit topology label in received TRILL Data
               packets except for topology zero.  Any TRILL Data packets
               received without such a label are classified as being in
               topology zero.   Also capable of inserting an explicit
               topology label in TRILL Data packets sent.  (Values 2 and
               3 are treated the same, which is the same as saying that
               if the 2 bit is on, the 1 bit is ignored.)

   In a Hello on Port P, a TRILL switch advertising support for topology
   T but not advertising that it requires explicit topology labeling is
   assumed to have the ability and configuration to correctly classify
   TRILL Data packets into topology T by examination of those TRILL Data
   packets and/or by using the fact that they are arriving at port P.

   When a TRILL switch transmits a TRILL Data packet onto a link, if any
   other TRILL switch on that link requires explicit topology labeling,
   an explicit topology label MUST be included unless the TRILL Data

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RFC 8377                  TRILL: Multi-Topology                July 2018

   packet is in topology zero, in which case, an explicit topology label
   MAY be included.  If a topology label is not so required, but all
   other TRILL switches on that link support explicit topology labeling,
   then such a label MAY be included.

2.4.2.  The Explicit Topology Label

   This section specifies the explicit topology label.  Its use by TRILL
   is specified in Section 2.4.3.  This label may be used by other
   technologies besides TRILL.  The MT Label is structured as follows:

    0                   1                   2                   3
    0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
   |     MT Ethertype 0x9A22       | V | R |         MT-ID         |

                            Figure 1: MT Label

   Where the fields are as follows:

   MT Ethertype: The MT Label Ethertype (see Section 6.1).

   V: The version number of the MT Label.  This document specifies
      version zero.

   R: A 2-bit reserved field that MUST be sent as zero and ignored on

   MT-ID: The 12-bit topology using the topology number space of the MT
      TLV [RFC5120].

2.4.3.  TRILL Use of the MT Label

   With the addition of the version zero MT Label, the four standardized
   content varieties for the TRILL Data packet data labeling area (the
   area after the Inner.MacSA -- or Flag Word if the Flag Word is
   present [RFC7780] -- and before the payload) are as show below.
   TRILL Data packets received with any other data labeling are
   discarded.  {PRI, D} is a 3-bit priority and a drop eligibility
   indicator bit [RFC7780].

   All MT TRILL switches MUST support FGL, in the sense of being FGL
   safe [RFC7172]; thus, they MUST support all four data labeling area
   contents shown below.  (This requirement is imposed, rather than
   having FGL support and MT support be independent, to reduce the
   number of variations in RBridges and simplify testing.)

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RFC 8377                  TRILL: Multi-Topology                July 2018

   1. C-VLAN [RFC6325]

                           1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 3
       0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
      |  C-VLAN = 0x8100              | PRI |D|  VLAN ID              |

   2. FGL [RFC7172]

                           1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 3
       0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
      |  FGL = 0x893B                 | PRI |D|  FGL High Part        |
      |  FGL = 0x893B                 | PRI |D|  FGL Low Part         |

   3. MT C-VLAN [RFC8377]

                           1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 3
       0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
      |  MT Ethertype = 0x9A22        | 0 | R |  MT-ID                |
      |  C-VLAN = 0x8100              | PRI |D|  VLAN ID              |

   4. MT FGL [RFC8377] [RFC7172]

                           1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 3
       0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
      |  MT Ethertype = 0x9A22        | 0 | R |  MT-ID                |
      |  FGL = 0x893B                 | PRI |D|  FGL High Part        |
      |  FGL = 0x893B                 | PRI |D|  FGL Low Part         |

   Inclusion or use of S-VLAN or further stacked tags are beyond the
   scope of this document, but, as stated in [RFC6325], are obvious

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RFC 8377                  TRILL: Multi-Topology                July 2018

3.  TRILL Multi-Topology Adjacency and Routing

   Routing calculations in IS-IS are based on adjacency.  Section 3.1
   specifies multi-topology TRILL adjacency.  Section 3.2 describes the
   handling of nicknames.  Sections 3.3 and 3.4 specify how unicast and
   multi-destination TRILL multi-topology routing differ from the TRILL
   base protocol routing.

3.1.  Adjacency

   There is no change in the determination or announcement of adjacency
   for topology zero, which is as specified in [RFC7177].  When a
   topology zero adjacency reaches the Report state, as specified in
   [RFC7177], the adjacency is announced in core LSPs using the Extended
   Intermediate System Reachability TLV (#22).  This will be compatible
   with any legacy topology-ignorant RBridges that might not support E-
   L1FS FS-LSPs [RFC7780].

   Adjacency is announced for non-zero topologies in LSPs using the MT
   Reachable Intermediate Systems TLV (#222) as specified in [RFC5120].
   A TRILL switch reports adjacency for non-zero topology T if and only
   if that adjacency is in the Report state [RFC7177] and the two
   conditions listed in Section 2.2 are true, namely:

   1. All the ports on the link are announcing support of topology T.

   2. If any port announces that it requires explicit topology labeling
      (Explicit Topology capability field value 2 or 3), all other ports
      advertise that they are capable of producing such labeling
      (Explicit Topology capability field value of 1, 2, or 3).

3.2.  TRILL Switch Nicknames

   TRILL switches are usually identified within the TRILL protocol (for
   example, in the TRILL Header) by nicknames [RFC6325] [RFC7780].  Such
   nicknames can be viewed as simply 16-bit abbreviation for a TRILL
   switch's (or pseudo-node's) 7-byte IS-IS System ID.  A TRILL switch
   or pseudo-node can have more than one nickname, each of which
   identifies it.

   Nicknames are common across all topologies, just as IS-IS System IDs
   are.  Nicknames are determined as specified in [RFC6325] and
   [RFC7780] using only the Nickname sub-TLVs appearing in Router
   Capabilities TLVs (#242) advertised by TRILL switches.  In
   particular, the nickname allocation algorithm ignores Nickname sub-
   TLVs that appear in MT Router Capability TLVs (#144).  (However,

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RFC 8377                  TRILL: Multi-Topology                July 2018

   Nickname sub-TLVs that appear in MT Router Capability TLVs with a
   non-zero topology do affect the choice of distribution tree roots as
   described in Section 3.4.1.)

   To minimize transient inconsistencies, all Nickname sub-TLVs
   advertised by a TRILL switch for a particular nickname, whether in
   Router Capability or MT Router Capability TLVs, SHOULD appear in the
   same LSP PDU.  If that is not the case, then all LSP PDUs in which
   they do occur SHOULD be flooded as an atomic action.

3.3.  TRILL Unicast Routing

   TRILL Data packets being TRILL unicast (those with TRILL Header M bit
   = 0) are routed based on the egress nickname using logically separate
   forwarding tables per topology T, where each such table has been
   calculated based on least cost routing within T: that is, only using
   links and nodes that support T.  Thus, the next hop when forwarding
   TRILL Data packets is determined by a lookup logically based on
   {topology, egress nickname}.

3.4.  TRILL Multi-Destination Routing

   TRILL sends multi-destination data packets (those packets with TRILL
   Header M bit = 1) over a distribution tree.  Trees are designated by
   nicknames that appear in the "egress nickname" field of multi-
   destination TRILL Data packet TRILL Headers.  To constrain multi-
   destination packets to a topology T and still distribute them
   properly requires the use of a distribution tree constrained to T.
   Handling such TRILL Data packets and distribution trees in TRILL MT
   is as described in the subsections below.

3.4.1.  Distribution Trees

   General provisions for distribution trees and how those trees are
   determined are as specified in [RFC6325], [RFC7172], and [RFC7780].
   The distribution trees for topology zero are determined as specified
   in those references and are the same as they would be with topology-
   ignorant TRILL switches.

   The TRILL distribution tree construction and packet handling for some
   non-zero topology T are determined as specified in [RFC6325],
   [RFC7172], and [RFC7780] with the following changes:

      o  As specified in [RFC5120], only links usable with topology T
         TRILL Data packets are considered when building a distribution
         tree for topology T.  As a result, such trees are automatically
         limited to and separately span every internally connected

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RFC 8377                  TRILL: Multi-Topology                July 2018

         island of topology T.  In other words, if non-zero topology T
         consists of disjoint islands, each distribution tree
         construction for topology T is local to one such island.

      o  Only the Nickname sub-TLV, Trees sub-TLV, Tree Identifiers sub-
         TLV, and Trees Used sub-TLV occurring in an MT Router
         Capabilities TLV (#144) specifying topology T are used in
         determining the tree root(s), if any, for a connected area of
         non-zero topology T.

         +  There may be non-zero topologies with no multi-destination
            traffic or, as described in [RFC5120], even topologies with
            no traffic at all.  For example, if only known destination
            unicast IPv6 TRILL Data packets were in topology T and all
            multi-destination IPv6 TRILL Data packets were in some other
            topology, there would be no need for a distribution tree for
            topology T.  For this reason, a Number of Trees to Compute
            field value of zero in the Trees sub-TLV for the TRILL
            switch holding the highest priority to be a tree root for a
            non-zero topology T is honored and causes no distribution
            trees to be calculated for non-zero topology T.  This is
            different from the base topology zero where, as specified in
            [RFC6325], a zero Number of Trees to Compute field value
            causes one tree to be computed.

      o  Nicknames are allocated as described in Section 3.2.  If a
         TRILL switch advertising that it provides topology T service
         holds nickname N, the priority of N to be a tree root is given
         by the tree root priority field of the Nickname sub-TLV that
         has N in its nickname field and occurs in a topology T MT
         Router Capabilities TLV advertised by that TRILL switch.  If no
         such Nickname sub-TLV can be found, the priority of N to be a
         tree root is the default for an FGL TRILL switch as specified
         in [RFC7172].

         +  There could be multiple topology T Nickname sub-TLVs for N
            being advertised for a particular RBridge or pseudo-node,
            due to transient conditions or errors.  In that case, any
            advertised in a core LSP PDU are preferred to those
            advertised in an E-L1FS FS-LSP PDU.  Within those
            categories, the one in the lowest numbered fragment is used
            and if there are multiple in that fragment, the one with the
            smallest offset from the beginning of the PDU is used.

      o  Tree pruning for topology T uses only the Interested VLANs sub-
         TLVs and Interested Labels sub-TLVs [RFC7176] advertised in MT
         Router Capabilities TLVs for topology T.

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RFC 8377                  TRILL: Multi-Topology                July 2018

   An MT TRILL switch MUST have logically separate routing tables per
   topology for the forwarding of multi-destination traffic.

3.4.2.  Multi-Access Links

   Multi-destination TRILL Data packets are forwarded on broadcast
   (multi-access) links in such a way as to be received by all other
   TRILL switch ports on the link.  For example, on Ethernet links they
   are sent with a multicast Outer.MacDA [RFC6325].  Care must be taken
   that a TRILL Data packet in a non-zero topology is only forwarded by
   an MT TRILL switch.

   For this reason, a non-zero topology TRILL Data packet MUST NOT be
   forwarded onto a link unless the link meets the requirements
   specified in Section 2.2 for use in that topology even if there are
   one or more MT TRILL switch ports on the link.

4.  Mixed Links

   There might be any combination of MT, FGL, or even VL TRILL switches
   [RFC7172] on a link.  DRB (Designated RBridge) election and Forwarder
   appointment on the link work as previously specified in [RFC8139] and
   [RFC7177].  It is up to the network manager to configure and manage
   the TRILL switches on a link so that the desired switch is DRB and
   the desired switch is the Appointed Forwarder for the appropriate

   Frames ingressed by MT TRILL switches can potentially be in any
   topology recognized by the switch and permitted on the ingress port.
   Frames ingressed by VL or FGL TRILL switches can only be in the base
   zero topology.  Because FGL and VL TRILL switches do not understand
   topologies, all occurrences of the following sub-TLVs MUST occur only
   in MT Port Capability TLVs with a zero MT-ID.  Any occurrence of
   these sub-TLVs in an MT Port Capability TLV with a nonzero MT-ID is

      Special VLANs and Flags Sub-TLV
      Enabled-VLANs Sub-TLV
      Appointed Forwarders Sub-TLV
      VLANs Appointed Sub-TLV

   Native frames cannot be explicitly labeled (see Section 2.4) as to
   their topology.

Eastlake, et al.             Standards Track                   [Page 13]

RFC 8377                  TRILL: Multi-Topology                July 2018

5.  Other Multi-Topology Considerations

5.1.  Address Learning

   The learning of end station Media Access Control (MAC) addresses is
   per topology as well as per label (VLAN or FGL).  The same MAC
   address can occur within a TRILL campus for different end stations
   that differ only in topology without confusion.

5.1.1.  Data Plane Learning

   End station MAC addresses learned from ingressing native frames or
   egressing TRILL Data packets are, for MT TRILL switches, qualified by
   topology.  That is, either the topology into which that TRILL switch
   classified the ingressed native frame or the topology that the
   egressed TRILL Data frame was in.

5.1.2.  Multi-Topology ESADI

   In an MT TRILL switch, End Station Address Distribution Information
   (ESADI) [RFC7357] operates per label (VLAN or FGL) per topology.
   Since ESADI messages appear, to transit TRILL switches, like normal
   multi-destination TRILL Data packets, ESADI link state databases and
   ESADI protocol operation are per topology as well as per label and
   local to each area of multi-destination TRILL data connectivity for
   that topology.

5.2.  Legacy Stubs

   Areas of topology-ignorant TRILL switches can be connected to and
   become part of an MT TRILL campus but will only be able to ingress
   to, transit, or egress from topology zero TRILL Data packets.

5.3.  RBridge Channel Messages

   RBridge Channel messages [RFC7178], such as BFD over TRILL [RFC7175]
   appear, to transit TRILL switches, like normal multi-destination
   TRILL Data packets.  Thus, they have a topology and, if that topology
   is non-zero, are constrained by topology like other TRILL Data
   packets.  Generally, when sent for network management purposes, they
   are sent in topology zero to avoid such constraint.

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RFC 8377                  TRILL: Multi-Topology                July 2018

5.4.  Implementations Considerations

   MT is an optional TRILL switch capability.

   Experience with the actual deployment of Layer 3 IS-IS MT [RFC5120]
   indicates that a single router handling more than eight topologies is
   rare.  There may be many more than eight distinct topologies in a
   routed area, such as a TRILL campus; in that case, many of these
   topologies will be handled by disjoint sets of routers and/or links.

   Based on this deployment experience, a TRILL switch capable of
   handling eight or more topologies can be considered a full
   implementation while a TRILL switch capable of handling four
   topologies can be considered a minimal implementation but still
   useful under some circumstances.

6.  Allocation Considerations

   IEEE Registration Authority and IANA considerations are given below.

6.1.  IEEE Registration Authority Considerations

   The IEEE Registration Authority has allocated Ethertype 0x9A22 for
   the MT Label (see Section 2.4).

6.2.  IANA Considerations

   IANA has assigned a field of two adjacent bits (14-15) of the
   Capabilities bits of the Port TRILL Version Sub-TLV for the Explicit
   Topology capability field and updated the "PORT-TRILL-VER Sub-TLV
   Capability Flags" registry as follows.

       Bit     Description                 Reference
      -----   -------------------------    ---------------
      14-15   Topology labeling support.   [RFC8377]

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RFC 8377                  TRILL: Multi-Topology                July 2018

   IANA has created the informational "TRILL Ethertypes" subregistry in
   the "Transparent Interconnection of Lots of Links (TRILL) Parameters"

   Name: TRILL Ethertypes
   Registration Procedure(s): Ethertypes are assigned by the IEEE
      Registration Authority.  Updates to this registry are coordinated
      with the designated expert.
   Reference: [RFC8377]

   Note: This registry provides centralized documentation of
      Ethertypes that were assigned by the IEEE for initial use
      with TRILL.  In some cases, particularly L2-IS-IS and MT,
      they may be used with other protocols.

   Value    Mnemonic    Explanation           Reference
   ------   --------   ---------------------  ---------
   0x22F3    TRILL     TRILL data             [RFC6325]
   0x22F4    L2-IS-IS  IS-IS                  [RFC6325]
   0x893B    FGL       Fine Grained Labeling  [RFC7172]
   0x8946    -         TRILL RBridge Channel  [RFC7178]
   0x9A22    MT        Multi-Topology         [RFC8377]

7.  Security Considerations

   Multiple topologies are sometimes used for the isolation or security
   of traffic.  For example, if some links were more likely than others
   to be subject to adversarial observation, it might be desirable to
   classify certain sensitive traffic in a topology that excluded those

   Delivery of data originating in one topology outside of that topology
   is generally a security policy violation to be avoided at all
   reasonable costs.  Using IS-IS security [RFC5310] on all IS-IS PDUs
   and link security appropriate to the link technology on all links
   involved, particularly those between RBridges, supports the avoidance
   of such violations.

   For general TRILL security considerations, see [RFC6325].

Eastlake, et al.             Standards Track                   [Page 16]

RFC 8377                  TRILL: Multi-Topology                July 2018

8.  References

8.1.  Normative References

   [IS-IS]    ISO/IEC 10589:2002, Second Edition, "Intermediate System
              to Intermediate System Intra-Domain Routeing Exchange
              Protocol for use in Conjunction with the Protocol for
              Providing the Connectionless-mode Network Service (ISO
              8473)", 2002.

   [RFC2119]  Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate
              Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC2119, March 1997,

   [RFC5120]  Przygienda, T., Shen, N., and N. Sheth, "M-ISIS: Multi
              Topology (MT) Routing in Intermediate System to
              Intermediate Systems (IS-ISs)", RFC 5120,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC5120, February 2008,

   [RFC5310]  Bhatia, M., Manral, V., Li, T., Atkinson, R., White, R.,
              and M. Fanto, "IS-IS Generic Cryptographic
              Authentication", RFC 5310, DOI 10.17487/RFC5310, February
              2009, <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc5310>.

   [RFC6325]  Perlman, R., Eastlake 3rd, D., Dutt, D., Gai, S., and A.
              Ghanwani, "Routing Bridges (RBridges): Base Protocol
              Specification", RFC 6325, DOI 10.17487/RFC6325, July 2011,

   [RFC7172]  Eastlake 3rd, D., Zhang, M., Agarwal, P., Perlman, R., and
              D. Dutt, "Transparent Interconnection of Lots of Links
              (TRILL): Fine-Grained Labeling", RFC 7172,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC7172, May 2014,

   [RFC7176]  Eastlake 3rd, D., Senevirathne, T., Ghanwani, A., Dutt,
              D., and A. Banerjee, "Transparent Interconnection of Lots
              of Links (TRILL) Use of IS-IS", RFC 7176,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC7176, May 2014,

   [RFC7177]  Eastlake 3rd, D., Perlman, R., Ghanwani, A., Yang, H., and
              V. Manral, "Transparent Interconnection of Lots of Links
              (TRILL): Adjacency", RFC 7177, DOI 10.17487/RFC7177, May
              2014, <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc7177>.

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RFC 8377                  TRILL: Multi-Topology                July 2018

   [RFC7178]  Eastlake 3rd, D., Manral, V., Li, Y., Aldrin, S., and D.
              Ward, "Transparent Interconnection of Lots of Links
              (TRILL): RBridge Channel Support", RFC 7178,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC7178, May 2014,

   [RFC7357]  Zhai, H., Hu, F., Perlman, R., Eastlake 3rd, D., and O.
              Stokes, "Transparent Interconnection of Lots of Links
              (TRILL): End Station Address Distribution Information
              (ESADI) Protocol", RFC 7357, DOI 10.17487/RFC7357,
              September 2014, <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc7357>.

   [RFC7780]  Eastlake 3rd, D., Zhang, M., Perlman, R., Banerjee, A.,
              Ghanwani, A., and S. Gupta, "Transparent Interconnection
              of Lots of Links (TRILL): Clarifications, Corrections, and
              Updates", RFC 7780, DOI 10.17487/RFC7780, February 2016,

   [RFC8174]  Leiba, B., "Ambiguity of Uppercase vs Lowercase in RFC
              2119 Key Words", BCP 14, RFC 8174, DOI 10.17487/RFC8174,
              May 2017, <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8174>.

8.2.  Informative References

   [RFC7175]  Manral, V., Eastlake 3rd, D., Ward, D., and A. Banerjee,
              "Transparent Interconnection of Lots of Links (TRILL):
              Bidirectional Forwarding Detection (BFD) Support", RFC
              7175, DOI 10.17487/RFC7175, May 2014, <https://www.rfc-

   [RFC8139]  Eastlake 3rd, D., Li, Y., Umair, M., Banerjee, A., and F.
              Hu, "Transparent Interconnection of Lots of Links (TRILL):
              Appointed Forwarders", RFC 8139, DOI 10.17487/RFC8139,
              June 2017, <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8139>.

Eastlake, et al.             Standards Track                   [Page 18]

RFC 8377                  TRILL: Multi-Topology                July 2018

Appendix A.  Differences from RFC 5120

   TRILL multi-topology, as specified in this document, differs from RFC
   5120 as follows:

   1. [RFC5120] provides for unicast multi-topology.  This document
      extends that to cover multi-destination TRILL data distribution
      (see Section 3.4).

   2. [RFC5120] assumes the topology of data packets is always
      determined implicitly, that is, based on the port over which the
      packets are received and/or preexisting fields within the packet.
      This document supports such implicit determination, but it extends
      this by providing for optional explicit topology labeling of data
      packets (see Section 2.4).

   3. [RFC5120] makes support of the default topology zero optional for
      MT routers and links.  For simplicity and ease in network
      management, this document requires all TRILL switches and links
      between TRILL switches to support topology zero (see Section 2.1).


   The comments and contributions of the following are gratefully

   Vishwas Manral and Martin Vigoureux

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RFC 8377                  TRILL: Multi-Topology                July 2018

Authors' Addresses

   Donald Eastlake 3rd
   Huawei Technologies
   1424 Pro Shop Court
   Davenport, FL 33896
   United States of America

   Phone: +1-508-333-2270
   Email: d3e3e3@gmail.com

   Mingui Zhang
   Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.
   HuaWei Building, No.3 Xinxi Rd., Shang-Di
   Information Industry Base, Hai-Dian District,
   Beijing, 100085

   Email: zhangmingui@huawei.com

   Ayan Banerjee
   170 W. Tasman Drive
   San Jose, CA 95134
   United States of America

   Email: ayabaner@cisco.com

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