Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) R. Bush
Request for Comments: 8893
Internet Initiative Japan & Arrcus
Category: Standards Track
ISSN: 2070-1721 J. Heitz
Resource Public Key Infrastructure (RPKI) Origin Validation for BGP
A BGP speaker may perform Resource Public Key Infrastructure (RPKI)
origin validation not only on routes received from BGP neighbors and
routes that are redistributed from other routing protocols, but also
on routes it sends to BGP neighbors. For egress policy, it is
important that the classification use the 'effective origin AS' of
the processed route, which may specifically be altered by the
commonly available knobs, such as removing private ASes,
confederation handling, and other modifications of the origin AS.
This document updates RFC 6811
Status of This Memo
This is an Internet Standards Track document.
This document is a product of the Internet Engineering Task Force
(IETF). It represents the consensus of the IETF community. It has
received public review and has been approved for publication by the
Internet Engineering Steering Group (IESG). Further information on
Internet Standards is available in Section 2 of RFC 7841
Information about the current status of this document, any errata,
and how to provide feedback on it may be obtained at https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8893
Copyright (c) 2020 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
document authors. All rights reserved.
This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal
Provisions Relating to IETF Documents
) in effect on the date of
publication of this document. Please review these documents
carefully, as they describe your rights and restrictions with respect
to this document. Code Components extracted from this document must
include Simplified BSD License text as described in Section 4.e of
the Trust Legal Provisions and are provided without warranty as
described in the Simplified BSD License.
Table of Contents 1.
Suggested Reading 3.
Egress Processing 4.
Operational Considerations 5.
Security Considerations 6.
IANA Considerations 7.
Normative References 7.2.
This document does not change the protocol or semantics of [RFC6811
BGP prefix origin validation. It highlights an important use case of
origin validation in external BGP (eBGP) egress policies, explaining
specifics of correct implementation in this context.
The term 'effective origin AS' as used in this document refers to the
Route Origin Autonomous System Number (ASN) [RFC6811
] of the UPDATE
to be sent to neighboring BGP speakers.
The effective origin AS of a BGP UPDATE is decided by configuration
and outbound policy of the BGP speaker. A validating BGP speaker MUST
apply Route Origin Validation policy semantics (see Section 2
] and Section 4
]) after applying any egress
configuration and policy.
This effective origin AS of the announcement might be affected by
removal of private ASes, confederation [RFC5065
], etc. Any AS_PATH modifications resulting in effective
origin AS change MUST
be taken into account.
This document updates [RFC6811
] by clarifying that implementations
must use the effective origin AS to determine the Origin Validation
state when applying egress policy.
The key words "MUST
", "MUST NOT
", "SHALL NOT
", "SHOULD NOT
", "NOT RECOMMENDED
" in this document are to be interpreted as described in
BCP 14 [RFC2119
] when, and only when, they appear in all
capitals, as shown here.
2. Suggested Reading
It is assumed that the reader understands BGP [RFC4271
], the RPKI
], Route Origin Authorizations (ROAs) [RFC6482
Prefix Validation [RFC6811
], and Origin Validation Clarifications
3. Egress Processing
BGP implementations supporting RPKI-based origin validation MUST
provide the same policy configuration primitives for decisions based
on the validation state available for use in ingress, redistribution,
and egress policies. When applied to egress policy, validation state MUST
be determined using the effective origin AS of the route as it
will (or would) be announced to the peer. The effective origin AS
may differ from that of the route in the RIB due to commonly
available knobs, such as removal of private ASes, AS path
manipulation, confederation handling, etc.
Egress policy handling can provide more robust protection for
outbound eBGP than relying solely on ingress (iBGP, eBGP, connected,
static, etc.) redistribution being configured and working correctly
-- i.e., better support for the robustness principle.
4. Operational Considerations
Configurations may have a complex policy where the effective origin
AS may not be easily determined before the outbound policies have
been run. It SHOULD
be possible to specify a selective origin
validation policy to be applied after any existing non-validating
An implementation SHOULD
be able to list announcements that were not
sent to a peer, e.g., because they were marked Invalid, as long as
the router still has them in memory.
5. Security Considerations
This document does not create security considerations beyond those of
] and [RFC8481
]. By facilitating more correct validation, it
attempts to improve BGP reliability.
6. IANA Considerations
This document has no IANA actions.
7.1. Normative References
] Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate
Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119
, March 1997,
] Rekhter, Y., Ed., Li, T., Ed., and S. Hares, Ed., "A
Border Gateway Protocol 4 (BGP-4)", RFC 4271
, January 2006,
] Traina, P., McPherson, D., and J. Scudder, "Autonomous
System Confederations for BGP", RFC 5065
, August 2007,
] Lepinski, M., Kent, S., and D. Kong, "A Profile for Route
Origin Authorizations (ROAs)", RFC 6482
, February 2012,
] Mohapatra, P., Scudder, J., Ward, D., Bush, R., and R.
Austein, "BGP Prefix Origin Validation", RFC 6811
, January 2013,
] George, W. and S. Amante, "Autonomous System Migration
Mechanisms and Their Effects on the BGP AS_PATH
Attribute", RFC 7705
, DOI 10.17487/RFC7705
, November 2015,
] Leiba, B., "Ambiguity of Uppercase vs Lowercase in RFC 2119
Key Words", BCP 14, RFC 8174
, DOI 10.17487/RFC8174
May 2017, <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8174
] Bush, R., "Clarifications to BGP Origin Validation Based
on Resource Public Key Infrastructure (RPKI)", RFC 8481
, September 2018,
7.2. Informative References
] Lepinski, M. and S. Kent, "An Infrastructure to Support
Secure Internet Routing", RFC 6480
, DOI 10.17487/RFC6480
February 2012, <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc6480
Thanks to reviews and comments from Linda Dunbar, Nick Hilliard,
Benjamin Kaduk, Chris Morrow, Keyur Patel, Alvaro Retana, Job
Snijders, Robert Sparks, and Robert Wilton.
Internet Initiative Japan & Arrcus
5147 Crystal Springs
Bainbridge Island, WA 98110
United States of America
170 West Tasman Drive
San Jose, CA 95134
United States of America